Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
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Merzouga → Fes: 9 Stops Between the Sahara & the Middle Atlas Mountains

Between the Sahara Desert and the Middle Atlas Mountains lies a diverse landscape of valleys, rivers, forests and foothills. Highways lined with dogs and fields full of sheep. Villages famous for apple festivals and others known for barbecued meat. If you’ve got plans to visit the Sahara and then head north like we did, we’ll show you a few beautiful and delicious places to stop during the 9-hour drive from Merzouga to Fes.

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9 can’t miss stops in Morocco’s Atlas Mountains


1. Rissani: home of medfouna

About 40 minutes north of Merzouga, you’ll pass through Rissani: a relatively major city that shares the same beautiful red clay as Merzouga, with the added contrast of rich green date palms.

Here, the local delicacy is medfouna, which is essentially Moroccan stuffed pizza. If you’re hungry, Rissani is the right place to stop. And don’t worry about leftovers. Medfouna wrapped in aluminum foil travels well and is still delicious, several hours later. Take our word for it.

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Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
The Arabic word “medfouna” means “buried.” What sorts of treasures are buried beneath the surface of this crust? Head to Gite Café Restaurant Manzah in Rissani and find out for yourself!


2. Erfoud: Gate of the Sahara

Not to be confused with The Door of the Desert (Ouarzazate), Erfoud is another oasis town on the desert’s edge, thus nicknamed The Gate of the Sahara.

Erfoud is about 30 minutes north of Rissani. Stop here for a snack, and say farewell to the desert before continuing north.

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Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Market in Erfoud. It’s very typical to see rounds of fresh bread being sold everywhere you go.
Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
DnA trying to get some personal space for this long car ride…


3. Somewhere in the Ziz Valley

The Ziz Valley deserves to be appreciated–outside of your vehicle. Densely-packed groves of date palms and the meandering Ziz River are easy on the eyes.

Pull over to the side of the road (3 times, like we did!) or stop in one of the many small towns. The tiny village of Aoufous is said to be a hidden gem of the Ziz Valley.

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Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
The beautiful Ziz Valley of Morocco.
Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Local kids playing soccer in the schoolyard!


4. Errachidia: the City of “Clean”

OK, we made that one up. But our impression of Errachidia was that it was truly a modern, clean-looking city. While passing through, we noticed spotless streets and flawless architecture.

Errachidia is over an hour north of Erfoud, nestled along the banks of the Ziz River.

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Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Flawless architecture of Errachidia, through a blurry car window.


5. This Dam on the Ziz River

This dam on the Ziz River generates at least two things that we’re aware of: 1) hydroelectricity and 2) some great photo opportunities!

Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Dam on the Ziz River, Morocco.


6. Midelt: the City of Apples

Two hours north of Errachidia, the city of Midelt rests on the high plains at an elevation of 1 mile high (think Denver, Colorado!).

The area’s temperate climate plus nearby Moulouya River create an ideal environment for agriculture. Local harvests include walnuts, apricots, plums, pomegranates and most notably: apples! With a statue like this, Midelt has certainly earned the nickname City of Apples.

Come in October for the annual Apple Festival of Midelt. It’s about more than just eating apples: it features workshops and conferences aimed at improving apple-harvesting technology and encouraging scientific research within the local apple industry.

Although…we’re pretty sure the Apple Festival of Midelt is also about eating apples.

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7. Zaida: the City of Barbecue

It’s only fitting for the City of Apples to be followed by the City of…Barbecue?!

Welcome to Zaida, where the meat hangs from hooks and the smoke billows from curbside grills in front of open-air restaurants. If you’re in the mood for meat, this is your place. Park your car, and choose a restaurant at random, based on which one smells the best!

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Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
It’s called the “City of Barbecue” for a reason…
Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Tomorrow’s lunch…
Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Today’s lunch: chicken kebabs & lamb lollipops, served with grilled onions and tomatoes, and of course: Moroccan bread to hold it all together.

travelhelix tip: when you’re done eating, wrap the lamb bones in a napkin and take them with you. As you drive away from the city, you’ll see dogs—LOTS OF DOGS—waiting patiently on the side of the highway. They belong to no one. But they are cared for by everyone. Feeding these dogs with the leftover food of Zaida is a well-known secret around here. As Hicham explained this to us, we saw bread fly out the passenger-side window of the car in front of us!

Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Just north of Zaida, dogs line the side of the road for miles, all appearing very well-fed!
Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Local children selling baskets of pink roses and fresh cherries on the side of the highway. We bought cherries; they gave D some roses; we gave them a soccer ball. WIN-WIN!


8. Timahdite: the City of Wool

Further north, the landscape changes dramatically. We begin to see conifers again, like we did after leaving Marrakech on Saturday. Rolling green hills surround wide fields, full of sheep.

It rained yesterday, so the ground is moist. The grass is a rich, verdant green, scattered with bright yellow dandelions, red poppies and fringed lavender.

We are now in the heart of the Middle Atlas Mountains. The climate is harsh. This… is sheep country.

Rocky hills are scattered amongst the green, and cows and horses provide a bit of diversity in what is predominantly a sheep metropolis. Every mile that goes by, we see a new flock of several hundred sheep, plus a couple of sheepdogs and a shepherd. Always somewhere close by, we notice 1 or 2 Berber tents; modest and practical dwellings that house the shepherd and his family.

An hour north of Zaida, we reach the City of Wool: Timahdite, a Middle Atlas town with its own breed of sheep named after it.

Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Timahdite sheep: one of the major Moroccan sheep breeds.
Merzouga, Fes, Morocco, Sahara Desert, Middle Atlas Mountains
Berber tent, home to the shepherd in charge of the nearby flock of sheep.


9. Ifrane: Little Switzerland

The terrain becomes even more mountainous as you approach Ifrane, known locally as the Switzerland of Morocco or Little Switzerland. At times, this area feels like Lake Tahoe.

Ifrane is city of pristine, natural beauty. Babbling brooks wind their way through gorgeous forests. Cherry orchards and apple orchards line the side of the road. If you enjoy hiking, this area was the best we saw in all of Morocco.

If you enjoy hiking AND you’re trying to figure out where to get your next post-graduate degree: Ifrane is home to a public, international university: Al Akhawayn University. Not a bad setting!

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Only one more hour, and you’ll arrive in Fes…


The Atlas Mountains of Morocco are simply stunning

We’re so glad that we had the opportunity to drive through the Middle Atlas region by car, and we’d love to help you plan your own epic road trip.

After two wild days in the Sahara—inventing political parties during drum circles and shredding the dunes of the Erg Chebbi—this 9-hour drive offered exactly the type of mellow & manageable excitement that we needed.

What’s next? Things are about to speed up again! Join us for 24 frantic hours in Fes, and we’ll show you the best views, sights to see & places to shop in the Mecca of the West.



Atlas Mountains accommodation quick-search

Rissani | ErfoudAoufous | Errachidia | Midelt | ZaidaIfrane

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